OpenSoc Experience

So Thursday (April 9th) I participated in an online blue team defense simulation event, known as OpenSOC.

TL;DR It was an amazing event, I am ever thankful for being able to apply knowledge.

What follows is:

  • What the event is
  • How I found out about the event
  • The Event and my Experience
  • Things I learned
  • how the event was run
  • How an IR course I took in December helped

What is OpenSOC?

According to their website found here: https://opensoc.io/

OpenSOC is a blue team defense simulation that is as close to “the real thing” as it gets. This isn’t just another CTF. We’ve built this platform to train real-world responders to handle real-world situations. Our environment is a highly portable, fully functional replication of an enterprise environment, complete with all the trimmings - Active Directory, Exchange, distributed networks, various sensors, log aggregation, end-user simulation, and more.

OpenSOC is comprised of over a dozen open source projects, including the below.

The tools they list are what you would think of:

  • Metasploit
  • Osquery
  • Snort
  • pfsense
  • Graylog
  • Suricata

+ others Tools screenshot from the OpenSoc website.

How I found out about the event?

Twitter… Seriously twitter!

A post came across my feed asking for interested. I responded and apparently so did enough people that we had 700 people during the event.

Sign up was here:

Twitter is great:

The Event And My Experience

The Event

The event was not a live defense like a normal red team vs blue team event. It was a browser based blue team investigative CTF. It was amazing.

Being browser based made it much more accessible. Participants did not need a laptop that could handle a virtual machine, or RDP. They just needed something that could run a browser!

Sorry I did not get a screenshot of the Challenge page. But there were lots of challenges! 404 page

Again it was all browser based:

The tools

Graylog was used as the SIEM. Moloch was for full PCAP analysis OSquery for endpoint visibility

Please note, images have answers to challenges redacted (in-case they are reused)

Graylog

You can see my setup in Graylog here. I added some fields to help with a challenge I was on at the time.

OSquery

There was a GUI to run OSquery. I thought this was amazing because it makes it accessible to so many participants:

A big thank you to @shortxstack who created the GUI for it.

Moloch

The opportunity to use Moloch was invaluable. The tool is amazing and opensource. It relies on full packet capture, which would not be an option nor practical for many organizations. Example screenshot below of the information you can glean:

Challenges

The challenges varied and required different skill sets:

  • Network Traffic Analysis
  • Log correlation
  • Understanding attacker methodology
  • Windows & Linux experience
  • Log awareness - which logs had what information This is not a full list. I as focused on my challenges which were mostly between using Graylog, Moloch and OSquery.

There were some memory analysis and Virtual Machines that could be downloaded as well.

The challenges were not just WITHIN the 3 tools. An example was searching for hashes, using ViruTotal to solve, an example here:

My preparation

I had once participated in ProsvJoes CTF at BsidesLV. As such I expected a hands on ‘defense’ event.

The 3 main tools to be used were Graylog, Moloch and OSquery. For my team, I focused on OSquery.

There is a great course from “Applied Network Defense” that I had started but never finished. So I quickly ran through the usage videos to get a handle on that. The course can be found here networkdefense.io/library/osquery-for-security-analysis.

OSquery

I had completed the eLearnSecurity Incident Responder certification exam in December (course found here: IHRP. So I had a large list of investigating queries to use. For my exam I had them in Splunk and ELK search formats) IHRP.

So I thought it would be easy enough to convert them to Graylog. Or at least use as a reference sheet.

Query

How Did My Team Do

Well.. Not great, but also not bad! We finished 44th place out of 194 teams! Which personally is a great achievement.

Even though I had the day off work (thanks Boss!) it ended up being a busy day off the OpenSoc challenges. I was still fortunate to smash about 6-8 hours (give or take) in the event.

Our team consisted of Canadians:

  • Me - Security Manager
  • A red teamer
  • A co-op student of mine (totes pro)
  • A Pentester
  • A Pentester

Excited to say I ended up getting the most points for the team. In hacker/pentesting CTFs I am never #1, so this was a pleasant surprise. This was more due to the fact I could spend the most time on the event :).

Points

As other team members work slowed down, we were able to pick up more points:
overtime

Shout out to eLearnSecurity IR course!

In December, right before New Years I submitted my report for the eCIR exam. It was 2 days of investigation within Splunk and ELK, with the goal of identify how bad a theoretical companies network had been owned.

Also thanks to my amazing workplace (current as of 14th Mar 2020) for the funding to do the course and exam! If you want to check them out, great workplace: Check here work

With 2 different scenarios, with a child and parent domain it was quite intense and difficult. They had a PCAP supplied with one scenario that you could analyze in conjunction with the logs.

I passed the exam and found it valuable and ‘moved on’ focusing on my next learning goal. What surprised me is how applicable the learning from the course and exam was to OpenSoc. Even though it wasn’t the exact same tools, the investigate process was very similar.

Understanding what the logs would give you, what information you needed, what to look at after you found an IOC, where to pivot etc. These were all transferable skills. So after OpenSoc, I have a new appreciation for the actual skills learned from the course.

If you want to check the course out, you can find it here

And to finish off this part. Here is my shiny online certificate:

2020

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